Global Food Politics

One of the most common questions I get in discussing food sovereignty is how it differs from food security.

On the one hand, the distance between the two is quite large. Food security refers only to the availability of food, regardless of the type, method or location of production, and so on. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization,

Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

Food sovereignty is a broader concept. According to the 2007 Declaration of Nyéléni, food sovereignty encompasses

The right of peoples, communities, and countries to define their own agricultural, labour, fishing, food and land policies which are ecologically, socially, economically and culturally appropriate to their unique circumstances. It includes the true right to food and to produce food, which means…

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